Facial Patterns And Colors

Colors

There are around 100 diffrent color / pattern combinations.
You have the dark colors grey/ dark grey / chocolate. Then the inbertween colors cinnamon / brown/ cinnicot. Then the light colors champagne/ apricot /albino . Patterns can include pinto/ reverse pinto and snowflake / heavy snowflake/ whites. They could have eaver red, ruby, brown or black eyes. The nose, ears, skin and mask color tends to depend on color hedgehog. There are also cobinations with all these colors which can be put with them which are algerian / algerian snowflake. Then there are the facial patterns split face / blaze face / panda eye.

Predicting The Color From Baby To Adult

Trying to predict what color a baby hedgehog will grow up to be can be very hard. hedgehogs can change color when they lose their baby quills their adult color can be different. Sometimes it can take up to 6months for their actual color to be different.

All babies are born pink and without quills. Within about an hour they start to get little white quills. Then in the next day if they are going to be a darker hedgehog they begin to get some pigment to the skin and quills with pigmented bands grow in. Sometimes these banded quills have really odd shades of gray or tan, and people think they have a new color of hedgehog. At about two to three weeks, they go through a quilling process and get a second set of baby spines that may be another different shade. The adult quills usually start to emerge when baby is about 6 to 8 weeks old. A hedgehog that will be a white or snowflake usually looks just like any other solid color hedgehog until this process begins and may not be complete until the hedgehog reaches 5months.

By about three weeks old the eyes open. If the hedgehog is Algerian or in the darker color range then the eyes will look black. If the hedgehog is going to be in the lighter color range then its eyes will look ruby unless albino which will have red eyes. The skin and nose may also slightly darken in pigment so that a baby that looked apricot at 2 weeks may look like a black eyed cinnacot at 3 weeks and a red eyed cinnacot at 6 weeks

With all these changes going on, sometimes it seems like baby changes from day to day or week to week. One thing that you usually can tell all along is whether the baby will be a pinto if it has pigmented skin. This is because the areas where the white quills will grow in have only pink skin underneath. These areas grow smaller or larger as the hedgehog grows but you can tell where the spots will be. Most babies finish changing by the time they are about 12 to 16 weeks old. Occasionally hedgehogs will turn white or snowflake at older ages but for all other colors you only have to wait the 3 to 4 months.

When a hedgehog is older their mask begins to fade and get lighter.

Cinnamon

  • Quills are white with light cinnamon-brown banding.
  • Face is white with no mask, light blue-gray ring around the eyes.
  • Nose is liver.
  • Belly is white fur with no markings.
  • Skin is pink.

True Cinnamon hedgehogs are hard to come by

Grey

  • Quills are white with dark brown banding. Color bands usually have narrow rust-brown edges.
  • Face is white with a black mask, ears and nose.
  • Belly is white fur with some black markings.
  • Skin is

 

DARK GREY
The quills are white, banded by black with very narrow rusty-brown outer edges.
Almost all of the quills are banded.
The skin on the shoulders is dark grey, almost black
The nose is black.
The eyes are black.
The mask is small but black.
Black mottling of the underbelly is extensive.

Brown

  • Quills are white with light brown banding.
  • Face is white with a light brown mask. There are light blue-gray rings around the eyes.
  • Nose is liver with some black markings.
  • Belly is white fur with no markings.
  • Skin is pink with possibly some light gray markings.

Apricot

  • Quills are white with apricot banding.
  • Face is white with no mask.
  • Nose is pink.
  • Eyes is ruby.
  • Belly is white fur with no markings.
  • Skin is shoulders are pink.

 

Cinnicots and Champagne include

DARK CINNICOT

  • The quills are white, banded 75% by cinnamon brown and 25% by pale orange-beige.
  • Almost all of the quills are banded.
  • The skin over the shoulders is pink.
  • The nose is liver with a pink outer rim.
  • The eyes are black
  • The face is not masked.
  • The underbelly is white with no mottling.

Black-eyed Cinnicot

  • Quills are banded with 50% cinnamon and 50% apricot.
  • Eyes are black.
  • Nose is pink with liver markings.

Ruby-eyed Cinnicot

  • Quills are banded with 50% cinnamon and 50% apricot.
  • Eyes are ruby.
  • Nose is pink with liver markings.

Champagne

  • Quills are banded with 75% apricot and 25% cinnamon.
  • Eyes are ruby.
  • Nose is pink.

Albino

Albinism will only be passed on under three specific circumstances. These are:

  • Albino bred to albino
    All babies would be albino.
  • Albino bred to carrier
    50% of the offspring would be albino and 50% would be carriers.
  • Carrier bred to carrier
    25% of the offspring would be albino, 50% would be carriers and 25% display the coloring of the parents.

These are rare and can be known as beanies

colouring is down to a rare genetic defect which affects just one in 100,000 hedgehogs where they are born without pigment.
Albinism occurs in both animal and humans and is caused by a rare genetic defect due to a lack of an enzyme involved in the production of melanin.
This means that they have little or no pigment in their eyes, skin and hair.
A common misconception is that all albinos have red eyes, it is in fact rare even among those with the genetic deficiency.
Most albinos, both human and animals, have blue eyes.
many people beleave albinos have a lower life span than other color genericts but this is not true. The reason people think this is cause most albino animals are usualy colors that can blend into there enviroment in the wild to prevent preditors but if they are albino they loose this feature meaning they are more vunrable to attack and posibly dieing earlia in life.

Pinto or Pied

is a color pattern, rather than a color and as such may appear on any colored hedgehog. The Pinto pattern can be distinguished by a total lack of colour on the quills and skin beneath in distinct patches or spots over the hedgehog’s back. Ideally, the white patches are to be symmetrical between one side of the hedgehog, divided down the length of the body by the dorsal, and the other. The remainder of the quills are the hedgehogs basic coloration

Reverse Pinto
Pinto markings on 70%-99% of the body.
Eyes may be black, green, blue/lavender, plum or deepest ruby but never pink or bright ruby.
Pictured is an Algerian Dark Grey Reverse Pinto.

extremely unique

High White Pinto
Pinto markings on 50%-65% of the body.
Pictured is an Algerian Grey High White Pinto.

 

Full Reverse Pinto

a full reverse pinto hedgehog has no dark spines or spots at all. The eyes are usually dark but can be Dark Ruby. A heavy pinto gene causes this pattern to occur and is not related to the Albino gene nor

 

 

 

 

Algerian

A hedgehog exhibiting the colour traits of an Algerian may or may not exhibit the physical traits. (larger body, longer nose and larger ears of the wild hog)

The algerian colors have cream quills banded by colour, rather
than the white of the white bellied hedgehogs. If the hedgehog is algerian this will mean it is darker than normal they usually have mottling of the
belly, cheek patches and dark boots.

Algerian colored hedgehogs can be easily distinguished by looking at the “eye” or “cheek” patches as shown on the left. If the hedgehog has cheek patches, then the hedgehog in question is in the Algerian colour range.

this is a Algerian chocolate

 

ALGERIAN DARK GREY IS THE UK’S DARKEST REGISTERD HEDGEHOG COLOR CLOSIST TO BLACK (SALT AND PEPER)

It is a very rare colour
The quills are cream, banded by black with rust edges.
Almost all of the quills are banded.
The skin on the shoulders is almost jet black.
The nose is black.
The eyes are black.
The mask is extensive and extends from beneath the eyes almost to the quill line beneath the ears.
The underbelly is heavily mottled by black.

 

ALGERIAN BLACK IS A US TERM HERE IN THE UK THE TERM IS SALT AND PEPER AND ARE EXTREAMLY RARE. THERE ARE CURRENTLY NONE REGISTERD WITHIN THE UK

Most that are called salt and peper world wide are actualy dark grey

The quills are cream, heavily banded by black and rust.
Almost all of the quills are banded
The skin on the shoulders is jet-black
The nose is black.
The eyes are black
The extensive masking is black and extends to the quill line.
The underbelly is heavily mottled by black.

SILVER CHARCOAL IS A US TERM HERE IN THE UK THE TERM IS DARK GREY SNOWFLAKE
The quills are white, banded by black.
Between 30 and 70% of the quills are solid white.
Like the Charcoal, except that the colored quills are white, banded by light grey.
Skin on the shoulders is dark grey, almost black.
The nose is black.
The eyes are black
The mask is small and black
Black mottling of the underbelly is extensive

 

CHARCOAL WHITE IS A US TERM. HERE IN THE UK THE TERM IS THE BANDED COLR AND BLACK EYED WHITE SO COULD BE BROWN BLACK EYED WHITE FOR EXAMPLE

These hedgehogs are extreamly rare. Dark eyed whites are actualy the untimate snowflake. charcoal white means the hedgehog is solid white but with black eyes.
The banded quills are white, banded by black with rusty-brown outer edges (change acordingly).
Between 95 and 97% of the quills are solid white.
The majority of the banded quills are limited to the forehead.
The skin over the shoulders is grey.
The nose is black.
The eyes are black
The mask is small but black.
The

 

Champaign White is different from the Charcoal White as it has red eyes instead of the dark

They are rare

Beetween 95% and 97% of the spines are solid white. The remainder are white, banded by light orange or beige.

The face has no mask

The eyes are red

The skin over the shoulders is pink, as is the underbelly

The nose is pink

 

SILVER IS A US TERM HERE IN THE UK THE TERM IS SALT AND PEPER SNOWFLAKE
The spines are white, banded with black.
30-50% of the quills are to be solid white.
The face is white with a black mask, ears and nose.
The underbody hair is white.
Black mottling of the underbelly is extensive.
Skin on the shoulders is jet-black

The nose is black

 

Chocolate

  • Quills are white with medium brown banding.
  • Face is white with a light brown mask
  • Nose is dark liver
  • Belly is white fur with some pale markings
  • Skin is light gray

A chocolate hedgehog has a dark dorsal stripe. This stipe is the most reliable way to define this color. Chocolate is probably the most common pet hedgehog color.

CHOCOLATE CHIP IS A US TERM. THE UK TERM IS CHOCOLATE SNOWFLAKE
The quills are white, banded by chocolate-brown.
Between 30 and 70% of the quills are solid white.
The skin is grey, fading to pink on the flanks.
The nose is chocolate-brown.
The eyes are black
There is no mask.
There is no mottling of the underbelly

 

SNOWFLAKE IS A UK TERM IN THE US THEY ALSO USE CHARCOAL WHICH MEANS THE SAME THING.

Snowflakes are a little uncommon but are not rare.
Beetween 30%-55% of the quills are solid white and evenly distributed across the body; with the remainder being the coulour of the hedgehog for example brown etc

brown

 

 

 

Currently found in America but barley are trios, tri colord hedgehogs.

facial patterns

Raccoon Mask
Mask is distinct (or only present) across both eyes and the bridge of the muzzle, resembling a blindfold.
Fading (or lack of mask) below the eyes and downward toward the nose

re is some mottling of the underbelly

 

Badger Stripes
Stripes on the forehead extending from the mask into the quill line.

 

Full Blaze
The typical mask pattern is completely broken down the center by a white stripe that extends from the forehead to the nose. Can be slightly off-center but must extend fully to the nose.

 

Wide Blaze
The typical mask pattern is completely broken down the center by a very wide white stripe that extends from the forehead to the nose.
Can be slightly off-center but must extend fully to the nose

 

Raccoon Eyes
Full and complete mask with a clear break between the mask and eye patches. Broken mask with less than 30% pinto is acceptable.
Note: Broken mask with more than 30% pinto is Eye Patch category.

Total Pinto Faced
The face is completely marked pinto and there is no base colored mask at all.Half-Masked or Split Faced
One half of the face is white (or pinto) and the other half is masked
with the hedgehog’s base color.
Half-Masked refers to hedgehogs with an even (50/50) split.

 

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